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Decoding Food Labels to Make Healthier Choices

guide food labels

Angela: I always read food labels as I can quickly determine if the product is healthy or not. You just have to do it once per product and then you know it’s all good to buy next time round. If you’re not sure how to read labels let’s go over what you need to know:

  • What is in it?
  • How much is in it?
  • Is it going to do me any good?

Once you are armed with the knowledge of understanding labels you can make smarter decisions when shopping.

5 Tips for Reading Food Labels

  1. Ignore daily intake labels – they are based on average energy requirements and nutrient needs – a 5-year-old girl is not going to need the same requirements as a 45-year-old man. The requirements are usually based on upper limits.
  2. Ingredients are listed by weight – so the most used ingredient is first on the list. So run for the hills if you see sugar as the first ingredient.
  3. Is it truly organic? – Even if there is the word organic in the label does not necessarily make the product organic. Companies have to jump through hoops to get their products certified. They are only organic if certified by a certifying body. Look for the following logos:
    organic logos
  4. Always read the ingredients label – look for products that have ingredients that you recognise as food.
  5. Be careful of marketing lines – when a product says low fat it will probably be high in sugar!

What are the biggest things we are trying to avoid?

sugarSUGAR

  • Look to see if sugar is added in the ingredients and where it sits in the list. REMEMBER ingredients are listed by weight.
  • Choose foods that have around or less than 5g of sugar per 100g. Note: 1 teaspoon of sugar is 4g. Remember dairy foods will contain lactose, which is a sugar and will contribute to 4.7g per 100g. Don’t need to take the lactose into account.
  • It’s recommend we eat no more than 5 – 9 teaspoons of added sugars per day.
  • Remember to also take into account that you might eat more than the recommend serve size when calculating the sugar content.
Other names for added sugars: White, castor, icing, brown, raw, cane, fruit, date, grape, demerara, invert, muscovado, beet, glucose, dextrose, fructose, galactose, mannose, lactose, maltose, polydextrose, maltodextrose, sucrose, malt, rice malt, barley malt, malt extract, corn syrup, golden syrup, maple syrup, rice syrup, syrup, molasses, treacle, honey, fruit-juice concentrate and modified carbohydrate. Also words ending in ‘ose’, malt and syrup are all sugars. When you see fructose and lactose listed in ingredients they are refined added sugars.

 

glutenWHEAT and gluten containing grains

The obvious gluten-containing products are breads, pasta, crackers, biscuits, muffins, pastries and cakes. Other names are: atta, burghul, dinkel, durum, farina, graham flour, semolina, spelt, kamut, triticale, pumpernickel, rye, barley, malt, malt extract, oats, and pilcorn.

Depending on how sensitive you are to gluten and how much you need/want to avoid. I would suggest if you want to avoid completely stay away from packaged foods as much as possible. You can join the Coeliac Society of Australia for $95 per year along with a doctor’s referral letter and you will receive an awesome members handbook, which is perfect size to fit into a bag and have with you always. As gluten can be in things like sauces, stocks and other packaged foods that you might not think that are that obvious.

vegetable oilsVEGETABLE OILS

These potentially damaging oils will be found in products like dips, sauces, pesto’s, crackers, rice crackers and baked goods. A good rule of thumb is to try to avoid the following: canola oil, corn oil, vegetable oil, soybean oil, grapeseed oil, sunflower oil, safflower oil and rice bran oil.

soySOY

About 70% of packaged foods contain soy whether it’s soy protein, flour or oil. About 90% of soy is genetically modified. Another reason to avoid big amounts of soy foods is they contain natural plant oestrogen’s that mimic estrogen in our bodies and may cause hormonal imbalances. Soy will be hidden in vegetable proteins and vegetable oils in ingredients lists in most packaged foods.

What do those numbers mean?

Food additives are substances added to food to preserve flavour or enhance its taste and appearance. Some additives have been used for centuries; for example, preserving food by pickling (with vinegar), salting, as with bacon, preserving sweets or using sulfur dioxide as in some wines. With the advent of processed foods in the second half of the 20th century, many more additives have been introduced, of both natural and artificial origin.

General guide to numbers:

  • 1xx Colours – they are sometime listed using their name i.e. sunset yellow
  • 2xx Preservatives
  • 3xx 321 Antioxidants
  • 620-641 These are flavour enhancers. Numbers 620-625 are all forms of glutamates which act like MSG
  • 951-967 Artificial sweeteners

What additives are bad for you?

Not all food additives are harmful. In fact, of the 300 or so additives approved for uses in Australia, most of them are safe, well tested and pose no problem for most people. However, there are at least 60 food additives used in our foods, which are at best questionable in terms of safety, or at worst, known to be harmful. In Australia at least 30 are known or suspected carcinogens. Many others are banned in other countries because of known adverse health effects, yet are still permitted in Australia. For more information on harmful additives visit: http://www.additivealert.com.au

The 3 BIG offenders

MSG (Monosodium glutamate) 621 – It’s very difficult to avoid MSG, it is in lots of processed foods. We have to avoid it as best as we can. MSG is a white substance that looks like sugar with no real flavour but when added to food enhances the flavour of the food tenfold. MSG is used by the food industry as a flavour enhancer – to make us finish the packet. Some people believe that MSG has caused worldwide obesity as MSG can damage appetite regulation in the brain and kill brain cells.

MSG is also sometimes used in Chinese, Thai and Japanese restaurants. People who are sensitive may have the following symptoms: swelling of the lips, bloating, headaches and migraines. There are other more serious reported symptoms; brain damage, eyesight impairment, long term memory loss and infertility.

MSG is becoming harder to track down. Food manufacturers have found that consumers recognise ‘monosodium glutamate, 621’; and are taking advantage of a loophole in labeling laws and putting MSG into our food under other names or using free-glutamates instead. When it is added as an ingredient of another substance it need not be listed on the label.

Free-glutamates – Glutamates occur naturally in foods such as soy, cheese, wine, tomatoes, broccoli, spinach and corn. Subject to processing, however, glutamate-rich foods split from the plant protein to produce free glutamates, which behave exactly like MSG.

How you can avoid MSG and free-glutamates:

  1. When you see the words ‘no added MSG’ or ‘Flavours (natural and nature identical)’, exercise caution. Products will most likely contain ‘free’ glutamates.
  2. When you see a six at the start of an additive number, beware. These are glutamates and flavour enhancers that have similar effect to MSG (621). Additives 620, 621, 623, 624, 625, 627, 631 and 635 can all potentially kill cells in your brain.
  3. Additive names that guarantee the presence of MSG are: yeast extract, autolysed yeast, textured protein, plant-protein extract, calcium caseinate, sodium caseinate, potassium glutamate and monosodium glutamate.

Added/Refined sugar - We have to be careful not to consume excess sugar as it turns into fat in our body and can cause a range of health problems, including stress, tooth decay, yeast infections, arthritis, depression and obesity. The way we can find out if our foods have natural or added sugar is to read the list of ingredients.

Here is a listed of added sugars: White, castor, icing, brown, raw, cane, fruit, date, grape, demerara, invert, muscovado, beet, glucose, dextrose, fructose, galactose, mannose, lactose, maltose, polydextrose, maltodextrose, sucrose, malt, rice malt, barley malt, malt extract, corn syrup, golden syrup, maple syrup, rice syrup, syrup, molasses, treacle, honey, fruit-juice concentrate and modified carbohydrate. Also words ending in ‘ose’, malt and syrup are all sugars. When you see fructose and lactose listed in ingredients they are refined added sugars.

 

Artificial sweeteners or intense sweeteners (Numbers 951 – 967 are intense sweeteners) - They are 100x, even 1000x sweeter than sugar. Our poor taste buds are then becoming accustomed to that false sweet high. All artificial sweeteners have been linked to causing detrimental health conditions. For example Aspartame since its approval in 1981 has been in controversy debate.

Scientific data shows that it causes brain tumours in rats. Since 1981 brain tumours have increased. I’m not saying that Aspartame is the only factor but I do believe along with a lot of scientist that it has been a huge contributing factor. Kids are more and more being given diet products for obesity and in turn consuming artificial sweeteners. A lot of us think we are avoiding artificial sweeteners if we are not having diet products but for example aspartame is more and more being used in products such as sausages and rice crackers.

Conclusion

Always read food labels. The best thing to do is choose wholefoods and limit packaged foods as much as possible.

Angela :)

Has this post helped? Do you check you food labels? We’d love to hear in the comments below…

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It is a chemical maze: Food Additive List

180 Nutrition Food Additive List

Ever wondered what the difference is between E235 Natamycin and E102 Tartrazine? We did too, so we thought we would put this food additive list together with it’s possible side effects. If you want to find out more about a particular additive, simply click the link and it will take you to wikipedia.

INS Additive Name Possible Side Effects
E100 Curcumin Prohibited in infant food. Limit intake if suffering liver disorder or gallstones.
E101 Riboflavin Prohibited in infant food.
E101a Riboflavin-5′-phosphate Prohibited in infant food.
E102 Tartrazine Known to provoke asthma attacks and urticaria (nettle rash) in children, headaches, insomnia; also linked to thyroid tumors, chromosomal damage, urticaria (hives) and hyperactivity; tartrazine sensitivity is also linked to aspirin sensitivity.
E104 Quinoline Yellow Hyperactivity, asthma, may be toxic when combined with other additives.
E107 Yellow 7G People who suffer Asthma may also show an allergic reaction to it; typical products are soft drinks; banned in Australia and USA.
E110 Sunset Yellow FCF Urticaria (hives), rhinitis (runny nose), nasal congestion, allergies, hyperactivity, behavioural problems, vomiting, kidney tumors, chromosomal damage, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, indigestion, distaste for food; seen increased incidence of tumours in animals; banned in Norway.
E120 Cochineal Dermatitis, asthma, prohibited in infant food.
E122 Azorubine Hyperactivity, behavioural problems, reactions in asthmatics and people allergic to aspirin; banned in Sweden, USA, Austria and Norway.
E123 Amaranth Asthma, eczema and hyperactivity; it caused birth defects and foetal deaths in some animal tests, possibly also cancer; banned in the USA, Russia, Austria and Norway and other countries.
E124 Ponceau 4R Reactions in asthmatics and people allergic to aspirin; banned in USA & Norway, prohibited in infant food.
E127 Erythrosine Can increase thyroid hormone levels and lead to hyperthyroidism, was shown to cause thyroid cancer in rats in a study in 1990; banned in
January 1990; banned in Norway.
E128 Red 2G Banned in Australia and many other places except UK.
E129 Allura Red AC Considered not safe due to conflicting test results; allura red has also been connected with cancer in mice; banned in Denmark, Belgium, France, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden, Austria and Norway.
E131 Patent Blue V Banned in Australia, USA and Norway.
E132 Indigotine May cause nausea, asthma, hyperactivity, vomiting, high blood pressure, skin rashes, breathing problems and other allergic reactions. Banned in Norway.
E133 Brilliant blue FCF Suspected neurotoxicity, hyperactivity, asthma.
E140 Chlorophylis Prohibited in infant food.
E141 Copper complexes of chloropyll and chlorophyllins Prohibited in infant food.
E142 Green S Asthma, insomnia, allergies, banned inSweden, USA and Norway
E150a Caramel Gastro-intestinal problems, prohibited in infant food.
E150b Caustic sulphite caramel Asthma, may affect the liver, prohibited in infant food.
E150c Ammonia caramel Asthma, may affect the liver, prohibited in infant food.
E150d Sulphite ammonia caramel Asthma, may affect the liver, prohibited in infant food.
E151 Brilliant Black BN Asthma, possible carcinogen, prohibited in infant food.
E153 Vegetable carbon Possible carcinogen, mildly toxic by skin contact.
E154 Brown FK Banned in USA
E155 Brown HT Reactions in asthmatics and people allergic to aspirin; also known to induce skin sensitivity; banned in Denmark, Belgium, France, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden, Austria, USA, Norway.
E160a Carotene May cause allergies, prohibited in infant food.
E160b Annatto Known to cause urticaria (nettle rash), prohibited in infant food.
E160c Paprika extract May cause allergies, prohibited in infant food.
E160d Lycopene May cause allergies, prohibited in infant food.
E160e Beta-apo-8′-carotenal (C 30) May cause allergies, prohibited in infant food.
E160f Ethyl ester of beta-apo-8′-carotenic acid (C 30) No adverse effects are known.
E161b Lutein May cause allergies, prohibited in infant food.
E161g Canthaxanthin May cause allergies, prohibited in infant food.
E162 Beetroot Red No adverse effects are known, prohibited in infant food.
E163 Anthocyanins Seems safe, prohibited in infant food.
E170 Calcium carbonate Toxic at ‘high doses.’
E171 Titanium dioxide Suspected reproductive toxicity, prohibited in infant food.
E172 Iron oxides and hydroxides Potentially toxic, prohibited in infant food.
E173 Aluminium Aggrevates lung and kidney disorders, prohibited in infant food.
E174 Silver Toxic in large doses, prohibited in infant food.
E175 Gold Toxic in large doses, prohibited in infant food.
E180 Latolrubine BK No adverse effects are known.
E181 Tannic acid May cause allergies, prohibited in infant food.
E200 Sorbic acid Behavioural problems, asthma, prohibited in infant food.
E201 Sodium sorbate Headaches, skin irritations, digestive disorders, asthma, prohibited in infant food.
E202 Potassium sorbate Skin irritations, digestive disorders, asthma, prohibited in infant food.
E203 Calcium sorbate Skin irritations, digestive disorders, asthma, prohibited in infant food.
E210 Benzoic acid, also known as flowers of benzoin, phenlycarboxylic acid Reputed to cause neurological disorders and to react with sulphur bisulphite (222), shown to provoke hyperactivity in children; obtained from Benzoin, prohibited in infant food.
E211 Sodium benzoate Skin irritations, digestive disorders, asthma, prohibited in infant food.
E212 Potassium benzoate People with a history of allergies may show allergic reactions.
E213 Calcium benzoate People with a history of allergies may show allergic reactions.
E214 Ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate Banned in some countries.
E215 Sodium ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate Banned in Australia.
E216 Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate Possible contact allergen, prohibited in infant food.
E217 Sodium propyl p-hydroxybenzoate Banned in some countries.
E218 Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate Allergic reactions possible, mainly affecting the skin.
E219 Sodium methyl p-hydroxybenzoate Asthma, eczema.
E220 Sulphur dioxide Can provoke asthma attacks and difficult to metabolise for those with impaired kidney function, also destroys vitamin B1.
E221 Sodium sulphite Destroyes Vitamin B, asthma, prohibited in infant food.
E222 Sodium hydrogen sulphite Can provoke asthma attacks and difficult to metabolise for those with impaired kidney function, also destroys vitamin B1.
E223 Sodium metabisulphite Can provoke asthma attacks and difficult to metabolise for those with impaired kidney function, also destroys vitamin B1.
E224 Potassium metabisulphite Can provoke asthma attacks and difficult to metabolise for those with impaired kidney function, also destroys vitamin B1.
E225 Potassium sulphite Can provoke asthma attacks and difficult to metabolise for those with impaired kidney function, also destroys vitamin B1.
E226 Calcium sulphite Bronchial problems, flushing, low blood pressure, tingling, and anaphylactic shock.
E227 Calcium hydrogen sulphite Allergy, Asthma, Digestive Disorders, Reduce Vitamin Absorbption.
E228 Potassium hydrogen sulphite Can provoke asthma attacks and difficult to metabolise for those with impaired kidney function, also destroys vitamin B1.
E230 Biphenyl Headaches, intestine upset, skin disorders, prohibited in infant food.
E231 Orthophenyl phenol Headaches, intestine upset, skin disorders, prohibited in infant food.
E232 Sodium orthophenyl phenol Headaches, intestine upset, skin disorders, prohibited in infant food.
E233 Thiabendazole Headaches, intestine upset, skin disorders, prohibited in infant food.
E234 Nisin Nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, prohibited in infant food.
E235 Natamycin Can cause nausea, vomiting, anorexia, diarrhoea and skin irritation.
E236 Formic acid Allergy, Cancer, Kidney Problems.
E237 Sodium formate Banned in some countries.
E238 Calcium formate Banned in some countries.
E239 Hexamethylene tetramine Banned in some countries.
E249 Potassium nitrite Shortness of breath, dizziness and headaches; potential carcinogen; not permitted in foods for infant and young children
E250 Sodium nitrite May provoke hyperactivity and other adverse reactions, potentially carcinogenic, restricted in many countries.
E251 Sodium nitrate May provoke hyperactivity and other adverse reactions, potentially carcinogenic, restricted in many countries.
E252 Potassium nitrate May provoke hyperactivity and other adverse reactions; potentially carcinogenic; restricted in many countries.
E260 Acetic acid Respiratory problems
E261 Potassium acetate Avoided by people with impaired kidney function.
E262 Sodium acetate Aviod if sensitive to vinagar.
E263 Calcium acetate Aviod if sensitive to vinagar.
E264 Ammonium acetate Nausea and vomiting.
E270 Lactic acid Difficult for babies to metabolise.
E280 Propionic acid Headaches, migranes, skin disorders, liver toxicity
E281 Sodium propionate May be linked to migraines.
E282 Calcium propionate May be linked to migraines.
E283 Potassium propionate May be linked to migraines.
E290 Carbon dioxide Prohibited in infant food.
E296 Malic acid Infants and young children should avoid.
E297 Fumaric acid Prohibited in infant food.
E300 Ascorbic acid Check for GM status.
E301 Sodium ascorbate Check for GM status.
E302 Calcium ascorbate Check for GM status.
E303 Potassium ascorbate Check for GM status.
E304 Ascorbyl palmitate No known side effects.
E306 Tocopherol-rich extract No known side effects.
E307 alpha-tocopherol No known side effects.
E308 gamma-tocopherol No known side effects.
E309 delta-tocopherol No known side effects.
E310 Propyl gallate Not permitted in foods for infants and small children because of their known tendency to cause the blood disorder, methemoglobinemia.
E311 Octyl gallate Not permitted in foods for infants and small children because of their known tendency to cause the blood disorder, methemoglobinemia.
E312 Dodecyl gallate May cause gastric or skin irritation, gallates are not permitted in foods for infants and small children because of their known tendency to cause the blood disorder, methemoglobinemia.
E317 Erythorbic acid No known side effects.
E318 Sodium erythorbate No known side effects.
E319 Tert-ButylHydroQuinone (TBHQ) May cause nausea, vomiting, delirium.
E320 Butylated hydroxy-anisole (BHA) Not permitted in infant foods, can provoke an allergic reaction in some people, may trigger hyperactivity and other intolerances; serious concerns over carcinogenicity and estrogenic effects.
E321 Butylated hydroxy-toluene (BHT) Not permitted in infant foods, can provoke an allergic reaction in some people, may trigger hyperactivity and other intolerances; serious concerns over carcinogenicity and estrogenic effects.
E322 Lecithins Can upset the stomach,
kill the appetite and cause profuse sweating.
E325 Sodium lactate Young children with lactose intolerance may show adverse reactions.
E326 Potassium lactate Young children with lactose intolerance may show adverse reactions.
E327 Calcium lactate Young children with lactose intolerance may show adverse reactions.
E328 Ammonium lactate Young children with lactose intolerance may show adverse reactions.
E329 Magnesium lactate Young children with lactose intolerance may show adverse reactions.
E330 Citric acid Can provoke symptoms similar to MSG.
E331 Sodium citrates Can provoke symptoms similar to MSG.
E332 Potassium citrates Can provoke symptoms similar to MSG.
E333 Calcium citrates Can provoke symptoms similar to MSG.
E334 Tartaric acid Laxative effect.
E335 Sodium tartrates Not permitted in infant foods.
E336 Potassium tartrates Not permitted in infant foods.
E337 Sodium potassium tartrate Avoid if high blood pressure/liver issues. Not permitted in infant foods.
E338 Phosphoric acid Tooth decay, calcium loss in bones, neuro toxin. Not permitted in infant foods.
E339 Sodium phosphates High intakes may upset the calcium/phosphorus equilibrium
E340 Potassium phosphates High intakes may upset the calcium/phosphorus equilibrium
E341 Calcium phosphates Calcium defficiency. Not permitted in infant foods.
E343 Magnesium phosphates Calcium defficiency. Not permitted in infant foods.
E350 Sodium malates Not permitted in infant foods.
E351 Potassium malate Not permitted in infant foods.
E352 Calcium malates Not permitted in infant foods.
E353 Metatartaric acid Not permitted in infant foods.
E354 Calcium tartrate Not permitted in infant foods.
E355 Adipic acid Allergies
E357 Potassium adipate Not permitted in infant foods.
E363 Succinic acid Diarrhoea. Not permitted in infant foods.
E365 Sodium fumarate Not permitted in infant foods.
E366 Potassium fumarate Not permitted in infant foods.
E367 Calcium fumarate Not permitted in infant foods.
E370 1,4-Heptonolactone No known side effects.
E375 Niacin Doses in excess of 1,000 mg per day can cause liver damage, diabetes, gastritis, eye damage, and elevated blood levels of uric acid (which can cause gout).
E380 Tri-ammonium citrate May interfere with liver and pancreas function
E381 Ammonium ferric citrates Can provoke symptoms similar to MSG.
E385 Calcium disodium EDTA Kidney damage, muscle cramps. Not permitted in infant foods.
E400 Alginic acid Large quantities can inhibit the absorption of some nutrients.
E401 Sodium alginate Large quantities can inhibit the absorption of some nutrients.
E402 Potassium alginate Large quantities can inhibit the absorption of some nutrients.
E403 Ammonium alginate Large quantities can inhibit the absorption of some nutrients.
E404 Calcium alginate Large quantities can inhibit the absorption of some nutrients.
E405 Propylene glycol alginate Not permitted in infant foods.
E406 Agar Flatulence, bloating.
E407 Carrageenan Linked to toxic hazards, including ulcers and cancer; the most serious concerns relate to degraded carrageenan, which is not a permitted additive; however, native carrageenan, which is used, may become degraded in the gut
E410 Locust bean gum May lower cholesterol levels.
E412 Guar gum Can cause nausea, flatulence
and cramps, may reduce cholesterol levels.
E413 Tragacanth Possible contact allergy.
E414 Acacia Possible allergen, soothes irritations of mucous membranes.
E415 Xanthan gum Diarrhoea, bloating.
E416 Karaya gum Possible allergen.
E417 Tara gum Flatulence, bloating.
E420 Sorbitol Not permitted in foods for infants and young children, can cause gastric disturbance
E421 Mannitol Not permitted in infant
foods due to its ability to cause diarrhea and kidney dysfunction, also may cause nausea, vomiting; typical products are low calorie foods
E422 Glycerol Has been shown to protect against DNA damage induced by tumor promoters, ultraviolet lights and radiation,
presumably via free radical scavenging; large quantities can cause headaches, thirst, nausea and high blood sugar levels.
E425 Konjac No known side effects.
E430 Polyoxyethylene (8) stearate People intolerant of propylene glycol should also avoid the group of 430-E436.
E431 Polyoxyethylene (40) stearate People intolerant of propylene glycol should also avoid the group of 430-E436.
E432 Polysorbate 20 People intolerant of propylene glycol should also avoid the group of 430-E436.
E433 Polysorbate 80 People intolerant of propylene glycol should also avoid the group of 430-E436.
E434 Polysorbate 40 People intolerant of propylene glycol should also avoid the group of 430-E436.
E435 Polyoxyethylene (20) People intolerant of propylene glycol should also avoid the group of 430-E436.
E436 Polyoxyethylene (20) People intolerant of propylene glycol should also avoid the group of 430-E436.
E440a Pectin Large quantities may cause temporary flatulence or intestinal discomfort
E440b Amidated pectin Large quantities may cause temporary flatulence or intestinal discomfort
E441 Gelatine Mmay contain 220, asthmatics and people allergic to sulphites beware!
E442 Ammonium phosphatides No known side effects.
E450 Diphosphates High intakes may upset the calcium/phosphate equilibrium
E451 Triphosphates No known side effects.
E452 Polyphosphates No known side effects.
E459 Beta-cyclodextrine No known side effects.
E460 Cellulose No known side effects.
E461 Methyl cellulose Can cause flatulence, distension, intestinal obstruction
E463 Hydroxypropyl cellulose Flatulence, bloating.
E464 Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose Flatulence, bloating.
E465 Ethyl methyl cellulose Large concentrations can cause intestinal problems, such as bloating, constipation and diarrhoea.
E466 Carboxy methyl cellulose Large concentrations can cause intestinal problems, such as bloating, constipation and diarrhoea.
E468 Cross linked sodium carboxy methyl cellulose National Cancer Institute of America states it “should be forbidden as a food additive”.
E469 Sodium caseinate No known side effects.
E470a Fatty acids salts No known side effects.
E470b Fatty acids salts No known side effects.
E471 Mono- & di- glycerides of fatty acids No known side effects.
E472a No known side effects.
E472b No known side effects.
E472c May provoke symptions similar to MSG.
E472d No known side effects.
E472e No known side effects.
E472f No known side effects.
E473 Sucrose esters of fatty acids May cause stomach pain, nausea, bloating, diarrhoea.
E474 Sucroglycerides Not registered for use in Australia.
E475 Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids No known side effects.
E476 Polyglycerol polyricinoleate No known side effects.
E477 Propylene glycol esters of fatty acids No known side effects.
E478 May cause headaches, nausea, vomiting, dehydration, diarrhoea, theist, dizziness and mental confusion. Avoid it.
E479b Likely GM soy.
E480 Dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate Eye irritations, laxative effect.
E481 Sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate No known side effects.
E482 Calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate No known side effects.
E483 Stearyl tartrate Banned in Australia.
E491 Sorbitan monostearate No known side effects.
E492 Sorbitan tristearate No known side effects.
E493 Sorbitan monolaurate Banned in Australia.
E494 Sorbitan mono-oleate Banned in Australia.
E495 Sorbitan monopalmitate Banned in Australia.
E500 Sodium carbonates Large concentrations can cause intestinal problems, such as bloating, constipation and diarrhoea.
E501 Potassium carbonates Large concentrations can cause intestinal problems, such as bloating, constipation and diarrhoea.
E503 Ammonium carbonates Irritant to mucous membranes.
E504 Magnesium carbonate Large concentrations can cause intestinal problems, such as bloating, constipation and diarrhoea.
E507 Hydrochloric acid Safe in small quantities.
E508 Potassium chloride Large quantities can cause gastric ulceration.
E509 Calcium chloride No known side effects.
E510 Ammonium chloride Should be avoided by people with impaired liver or kidney function.
E511 Magnesium chloride Magnesium is an essential mineral.
E513 Sulphuric acid Not permitted in Australia
E514 Sodium sulphates May upset the body’s water balance
E515 Potassium sulphates Gastric erosion in large quantities.
E516 Calcium sulphate No known side effects.
E518 Magnesium sulphate Llaxative.
E519 Copper sulphate Essential mineral.
E520 Aluminium sulfate Aluminium inhibits the uptake of B-vitamins. It may also influence liver function in high concentrations.
E521 Aluminium sodium sulfate No known side effects.
E522 Aluminium potassium sulfate Aluminium inhibits the uptake of B-vitamins. It may also influence liver function in high concentrations.
E523 Aluminium ammonium sulfate Aluminium inhibits the uptake of B-vitamins. It may also influence liver function in high concentrations.
E524 Sodium hydroxide Not permitted in Australia.
E525 Potassium hydroxide Not permitted in Australia.
E526 Calcium hydroxide No adverse effects in small quantities.
E527 Ammonium hydroxide Not permitted in Australia.
E528 Magnesium hydroxide Not permitted in Australia.
E529 Calcium oxide Safe in small quantities.
E530 Magnesium oxide Not permitted in Australia.
E535 Sodium ferrocyanide Safe in small quantities.
E536 Potassium ferrocyanide Reduces oxygen transport in the blood, which in turn may cause breathing difficulties, dizziness or headache.
E540 Dicalcium diphosphate Not permitted in Australia.
E541 Sodium aluminium phosphate Possible link to osteoporosis, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease.
E542 Edible Bone phosphate Cannot be used by vegans, vegetarians, Muslims, Jews or Hindus. The product is made of animal bones, such as from pigs and cattle.
E544 Calcium polyphosphates Not permitted in Australia.
E545 Ammonium polyphosphates Not permitted in Australia.
E551 Silicon dioxide No adverse effect.
E552 Calcium silicate No adverse effect.
E553a Magnesium silicates Not permitted in Australia.
E553b Talc Has been linked to stomach cancer.
E554 Sodium aluminium silicate known to cause placental problems in pregnancy and has been linked to Alzheimer’s Parkinson’s, bone loss.
E556 Calcium aluminium silicate No known adverse effects.
E558 Bentonite Known to block skin pores.
E559 Aluminium silicate (Kaolin) Known to block skin pores.
E570 Stearic acid Prohibited in infant foods.
E572 Magnesium stearate Inhalation of the powder is harmful.
E575 Glucono delta-lactone No known adverse effects.
E576 Sodium gluconate Not permitted in Australia.
E577 Potassium gluconate Mildly toxic by ingestion.
E578 Calcium gluconate May cause stomach upsets and heart problems.
E579 Ferrous gluconate Safe in small amounts
E585 Ferrous lactate No known adverse effects.
E620 Glutamic acid Might cause similar problems as MSG(621), young children should avoid it.
E621 Monosodium glutamate Adverse effects appear in some asthmatic people, not permitted in foods for infants and young children.
E622 Monopotassium glutamate Can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps.
E623 Calcium diglutamate Can provoke symptoms similar to MSG.
E624 Monoammonium glutamate Can provoke symptoms similar to MSG.
E625 Magnesium diglutamate Can provoke symptoms similar to MSG.
E626 Guanylic acid Asthmatic people should avoid.
E627 Disodium guanylate May trigger gout, not permitted in foods for infants and young children.
E629 Calcium guanylate May trigger gout.
E631 Disodium inosinate May trigger gout, not permitted in foods for infants and young children.
E633 Calcium inosinate May trigger gout.
E635 Disodium 5′-ribonucleotide May be associated with itchy skin rashes up to 30 hours after ingestion; rashes may vary from mild to dramatic.
E636 Maltol In large quantities it can help aluminium pass into the brain to cause Alzheimer’s disease.
E637 Ethyl maltol Some countries ban it for babies and young children.
E640 Glycine Mildly toxic if ingested.
E900 Dimethyl polysiloxane No known adverse effects.
E901 Beeswaxes Occasionally causes allergic reactions.
E903 Carnauba wax Occasionally causes allergic reactions.
E904 Shellac Occasionally causes irritations of the skin
E905 Paraffins Listed as having teratogenic properties linked to bowel cancer and can cause defects.
E907 Refined microcrystalline wax Banned in Australia.
E913 Lanolin Allergies.
E920 L-Cysteine hydrochloride Is a known neurotoxin.
E921 L-Cysteine hydrochloride monohydrate Is a known neurotoxin.
E924 Potassium bromate Large quantities can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, pain
E925 Chlorine Possible health concerns.
E926 Chlorine dioxide Possible health concerns
E927 Azodicarbonamide Banned in Australia.
E928 Benzoyl peroxide Asthmatics and people with a history of allergies should avoid.
E931 Nitrogen No known adverse effects.
E932 Nitrous oxide Safe in small quantities
E950 Acesulphane potassium Possible carcinogen in humans, caused cancer in test animals.
E951 Aspartame Too many adverse effects possible to list!
E952 Cyclamic acid Banned in the US and UK due its links with cancer.
E954 Saccharines It interferes with normal blood coagulation, blood sugar levels and digestive function.
E957 Thaumatin No known adverse effects.
E965 Maltitol laxative in high concentrations.
E967 Xylitol May cause bloating and flatulence.
E999 Quillaia extract Banned in a number of countries.
E1103 Invertase Little information known at this time.
E1100 Amylase Allergies.
E1200 Polydextrose Seems safe in small doses
E1201 Polyvinylpyrrolidone Excess may cause damage to the lungs or kidneys, gas and faecal impaction.
E1202 Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone May cause damage to kidneys and stay in the system for up to a year.
E1400 Dextrin No known adverse effects, but not fully evaluated for safety.
E1401 Modified starch No known adverse effects.
E1402 Alkaline modified starch No known adverse effects.
E1403 Bleached starch Asthma.
E1404 Oxidized starch High concentrations cause diarrhoea and kidney defects in animals.
E1410 Monostarch phosphate No known adverse effects, further testing required.
E1412 Distarch phosphate No known adverse effects, further testing required.
E1413 Phosphated distarch phosphate No known adverse effects, further testing required.
E1414 Acetylated distarch phosphate No known adverse effects at low levels, further testing required. May cause diarrhoea.
E1420 Acetylated starch No known adverse effects at low levels, further testing required. May cause diarrhoea.
E1421 Acetylated starch No known adverse effects. May cause diarrhoea.
E1422 Acetylated distarch adipate No known adverse effects at low levels, further testing required.
E1423 Distarch glycerine No known adverse effects.
E1440 Hydroxy propyl starch No known adverse effects at low levels, further testing required.
E1441 Hydroxy propyl distarch glycerine May cause diarrhoea.
E1442 Hydroxy propyl distarch phosphate No known adverse effects at low levels, further testing required.
E1450 Starch sodium octenyl succinate No known adverse effects at low levels, further testing required.
E1451 Acetylated oxidised starch No known adverse effects at low levels, further testing required.
E1505 Triethyl citrate Reaction reported from those with low tolerence to MSG.
E1510 Ethanol Suspected neurotoxic hazard, danger to persons with Candida and allergies.
E1517 Glycerol acetates May cause headaches, nausea, vomiting, dehydration, diarrhoea, thirst, dizziness and mental confusion.
E1518 Glyceryl triacetate Irritations.
E1520 Propylene glycol Suspected as a neurotoxic hazard.

Personally, we are advocates for real whole food at 180 Nutrition and always look to cut out food additives and chemicals from our diet as much as possible. Hence why there are no food additives in our 180 Natural Protein Supplement.

For more information, go to The Chemical Maze.